Haiku is the shortest form of poetry in the world and is composed of 17 syllables. In total, they are organized into groups of five, seven, and five notes. It’s a short, rule-abiding way of writing, but with carefully chosen words, conveying human emotion and expressing nature. Each haiku has a “kigo,” which must be thought-provoking. Nature in People’s Imaginations Many haiku are now being translated into foreign languages. It’s a language, and it’s also taught in schools abroad. Tanka is one of the oldest songs in Japan. It is made up of 31 syllables. Together, they are arranged in groups of five, seven, five, seven, and seven notes. Like a haiku, you have to use carefully selected words to express your deepest thoughts and emotions in between lines from a limited number of words.